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Classification of pneumatic ball valves

Pneumatic ball valve is a kind of pneumatic valve, including hard seal pneumatic ball valve, pneumatic O-type cut-off ball valve, soft seal pneumatic ball valve, wafer pneumatic ball valve, pneumatic floating ball valve, pneumatic three-way ball valve, pneumatic flange ball valve, etc. According to the different spheres, it can be divided into floating ball pneumatic ball valve, fixed ball pneumatic ball valve and elastic ball pneumatic ball valve.

1、 Floating pneumatic ball valve: the ball of stainless steel pneumatic ball valve is floating. Under the action of medium pressure, the ball can produce certain displacement and press tightly on the sealing surface of the outlet end to ensure the sealing of the outlet end. The floating stainless steel pneumatic ball valve has simple structure and good sealing performance, but the ball bearing the load of working medium is all transferred to the outlet sealing ring, so it is necessary to consider whether the sealing ring material can withstand the working load of the ball medium. This structure is widely used in medium and low pressure ball valves.

2、 Fixed ball pneumatic ball valve: the ball of stainless steel pneumatic ball valve is fixed and does not move under pressure. Fixed ball valves are equipped with floating seats. Under the pressure of medium, the seats move to make the sealing ring tightly press on the ball to ensure the sealing. Bearings are usually installed on the upper and lower shafts of the ball, with small operating torque, suitable for high-pressure and large-diameter valves. In order to reduce the operating torque of pneumatic ball valve and increase the reliability of sealing, oil sealed ball valve has appeared in recent years. Special lubricating oil is injected between sealing surfaces to form an oil film, which not only enhances the sealing performance, but also reduces the operating torque, and is more suitable for high-pressure and large caliber ball valve.

3、 Elastic ball pneumatic ball valve: the ball of the pneumatic ball valve is elastic. Both the ball and the seat seal ring are made of metal materials. The specific pressure of the seal is very large. The pressure of the medium itself can not meet the requirements of the seal, so an external force must be applied. This valve is suitable for high temperature and high pressure medium. The elastic sphere is an elastic groove opened at the lower end of the inner wall of the sphere to obtain elasticity. When the channel is closed, the wedge-shaped head of the valve rod is used to make the ball expand and compress with the valve seat to achieve sealing. Before rotating the ball, first loosen the wedge-shaped head, then the ball will return to its original shape, so that there is a small gap between the ball and the valve seat, which can reduce the friction and operating torque of the sealing surface.

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